Category: Policy Briefs
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pdf.png Tackling Youth Unemployment In South Africa: A Multi-Pronged Strategy Nov 2011 HOT

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South Africa faces a high youth unemployment rate that is projected to persist well into the future. Demand-side factors include slow economic growth and structural changes in the economy while supply-side factors include an upsurge in youth work-seekers, inadequate information, resource constraints, insufficient skills and job market experience for the youth. This policy brief presents several labour market interventions, derived from local and international experience, that aim to improve youth employment outcomes
in both the formal and informal sector. Policy makers must urgently consider all possible options to prevent the threat of a generation of long term unemployed youth that would have undesirable consequences for society. A key policy implication is the need to incorporate an evaluation framework in existing and planned policy interventions in order to accurately gauge impact.



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2016-03-03
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pdf.png Making the case for a decentralized small-scale farmer strategy in South Africa 2011 HOT

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A key priority area for the South African government is rural development, food security and land reform. A vibrant small-scale farming sector has the potential to reduce rural poverty, unemployment and food insecurity, as well as addressing the political challenges of racially unbalanced agricultural production patterns. Past and current government initiatives to support small-scale farmers have generally not been effective because they have been too prescriptive about what smallholder farmers produce; their use of technology; scale of production; and purpose of production (whether for consumption or sale). Broader economic conditions such as the dualistic nature of the economy, particularly in the agricultural sector, have presented challenges to small-scale farmers in terms of market access and opportunities for value addition. In addition, the scarcity of water has constrained the development of new irrigation capacity. A new national policy initiative needs to focus on achieving scale and impact. This means supporting small-scale farmers to boost their productivity, diversify their produce, and raise their incomes.



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2016-03-03
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pdf.png POLICY BRIEF: Agricultural Biodiversity And Health 2011 HOT

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The recent climate change debate and food crisis in many parts of Africa have created a renewed awareness of the importance and the value of biodiversity and its agricultural counterpart. This policy brief provides empirical evidence of how the role of agricultural biodiversity can be translated into improved health and nutritional status, improved livelihoods and more sustainable production systems in contemporary poor rural and urban communities in the North West Province (NWP) of South Africa.



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2016-03-08
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pdf.png New evidence in the case for improving the quality of secondary school learning outcomes 2011 HOT

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A recent paper, based on new household survey data, finds that pre-final year completion rates in South African secondary schools compare well with other countries in a similar economic position, and they show a steady improvement between 2003 and 2009. In spite of this, the final year (Grade 12 or ‘Matric’) completion rate of 40% remains low by international standards, and it has not changed much since 2003. Even those learners who do pass Matric may struggle to find formal employment without further education, whilst access to such tertiary education is hampered by a general lack of core skills. This holds important implications for education policy. Simply increasing enrolment numbers will not guarantee that learners are equipped with the necessary skills to meet labour market demands. A continued focus on quality educational outcomes is required, and policymakers should avoid being seduced by headline-grabbing high enrolment numbers at the expense of quality improvements. This brief summarises the key findings based on analyses of recent household survey data, and suggests some policy implications as far as improving quality educational outcomes is concerned.



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2016-03-08
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pdf.png Winners and losers: Gender disparities in the South African labour market 2016 HOT

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Drawing on data from Quarterly Labour Force Surveys and the 2011 Census conducted by Statistics South Africa, this policy brief interrogates that gain women have made in entering different sectors of the economy and their location in those sectors. Given the global context of women’s participation in the labour market, the fundamental question that this policy brief addresses is as follows: Do the changes in women’s occupational participation represent a holistic shift with respect to other indicators of labour-market participation?



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2016-08-03
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pdf.png Small-scale livestock farming and primary animal healthcare in South Africa: Challenges and policy implications 2016

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The policy recommendations provided in this brief emerge out of a pilot study on gendered dimensions of farming systems, rural farmer households and food security conducted in Marble Hall and Rhenosterkop, Limpopo, and a follow-up policy dialogue on PAHC in South Africa.



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2016-08-03
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pdf.png Increasing Access to HIV Testing in South Africa: Successes and Next Steps 2015 HOT

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The Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, with funding from the Programme to Support Pro-Poor Policy Development (PSPPD) used data from Wave 2 (2010/11) and Wave 3 (2012) of the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) to assess changes in the proportion of individuals 15 years and older tested for HIV. They compared the socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with HIV testing in each of the two waves to assess whether the national testing campaign ameliorated or exacerbated previously documented inequities in HIV testing.



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2017-02-21
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pdf.png Policy Brief on SMME Support 2015

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This policy brief reports on a policy workshop on SMME support held in 2015. The objective of the workshop was to determine key challenges facing small to medium businesses in SA, and what policy improvements the public sector could make to strengthen smaller commercial enterprises. The workshop also looked at the role that the private sector could play in assisting the government to make it easier for small business to succeed in our country.



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2017-03-06
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pdf.png Restitution – setting right the past wrong 2016

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Restitution is a key part of land reform. It is a human rights-based programme to correct past wrongs by settling land restitution claims under the Restitution of Land Rights Act (1994). Restitution involves returning land rights, providing alternative land and grant funding to develop the land, or financial compensation, or any combination of these.

The Restitution Programme was evaluated between 2013 and 2014 to assess its success and identify improvements for the next phase of  restitution. The evaluation covers the programme’s implementation from January 1999 to 31 March 2013.



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2017-04-14
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pdf.png Rural communities not forgotten 2016

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The Comprehensive Rural Development Programme (CRDP) aims to achieve social cohesion and develop rural areas by improving access to basic services, business development, and industrial development in villages. The programme achieves this through contributing to agrarian (agricultural) transformation, rural development, and land reform. The programme partners with departments in all three spheres of government (national,  provincial and local).
The CRDP was evaluated to assess if the institutional arrangements (policies, systems and processes) that support the programme are appropriate and that roles and responsibilities are clearly outlined. The evaluation included an assessment of goals the CRDP has achieved, and considered how the programme could be improved and expanded through lessons learnt.



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2017-04-14
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Theme 2: Employment, unemployment and livelihoods