Category: Systematic reviews
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pdf.png Wage subsidies and youth employment in South Africa: Evidence from a randomised control trial HOT

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In an RCT the participants in the study are randomly divided into two groups – one which received the intervention, in this case a voucher for a wage subsidy which a firm who employs the individual could claim for six months (called the treatment group), and the second group which does not receive anything (called the control group). Since allocation to the groups is random and both groups share similar characteristics, any observed changes on average should be the result of the wage subsidy voucher. We can thus attach a causal interpretation to our results.  The key finding of the paper is that those who were allocated a wage subsidy voucher were more likely to be in wage employment both one year and two years after allocation. The impact of the voucher thus persisted even after it was no longer valid. The magnitude of these effects was relatively large –  those in the voucher group were 7.4 percentage points (approximately 25 percent) more likely to be in wage employment one year after allocation and of similar magnitude two years later. This impact was not driven by changes in the sample composition.



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2016-07-12
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pdf.png Systematic review of the literature on ‘informal economy’ and ‘food security’ South Africa, 2009-2014 5 2016

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This paper performed the first qualitative systematic review of research from South Africa that addresses both these aspects. The methods used in the review are described in detail, to increase the readers’ ability to assess the reliability of subsequent findings and analysis. Findings confirmed the low level of research focus on the informal food economy (and food security), in particular the stages of the value chain beyond the farm gate and before the consumer. Food safety research is common, although applied narrowly and with mixed findings. The conceptualisation of nutrition research is encouragingly wide, encompassing both over- and under-nutrition, but does not seem to consider the broader urban informal context in which consumers are embedded. Lastly, the research approaches used are predominately quantitative, and the voices of those who survive within the informal food economy are largely absent.



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2016-11-25
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pdf.png What is the impact of microfinance on poor people? 2010

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We set out to review empirical research on the impact of microfinance (specifically micro-credit and micro-savings) on poor people in sub-Saharan Africa to enable policymakers, donors and practitioners to understand the nature of the evidence available.



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2017-03-06
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