This report presents a diagnostic evaluation of poverty and relative deprivation at small area level for the Eastern Cape province. The analysis uses the ward‐level South African Index of Multiple Deprivation 2011 (SAIMD 2011) which is supplemented with ward‐level income poverty data. The SAIMD 2011 profiles deprivation in relation to four ‘domains’ or dimensions of deprivation. The four domains relate to material deprivation, employment deprivation, education deprivation and living environment deprivation, and are combined with equal weights into an overall Index of Multiple Deprivation. This enables all wards of the Eastern Cape to be compared across the province, and for them to be set within the national context of all wards in South Africa.