This paper highlights the need for policies and programmes that take children into account, even when their content is not obviously or exclusively child-focused. To support this we need reliable and accessible child-centred information which can be used to inform the design and targeting of policies, programmes and interventions, and as a tool for tracking progress for children. Section 2 of the paper outlines some of the reasons why child-focused statistics are an important counterpart to national population statistics. Section 3 provides a brief overview of the main datasets, indicators and methods used. Section 4 is organised into thematic sections, and presents some of trends for children, focusing on demographic distributions, living environments and income poverty.