The study employs data primarily from the South African Social Attitude Survey (SASAS), a nationally representative attitudinal survey that has been conducted on an annual basis by the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) since 2003. Conducted in the last quarter of the year, this multi-topic survey series has over the years included questions which can be drawn on to understand and assess livelihoods assets. To further contextualise these results, use was made of published studies based on data from the National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS). Conducted by the Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit (Saldru) at the University of Cape Town, NIDS is the country’s first national panel study, with Wave 1 undertaken in 2008 and subsequent waves fielded on a biennial basis. Increasingly, this panel study is providing important empirical insight into poverty, inequality and labour market dynamics, in addition to the patterning and impact of household shocks.