Employment, unemployment and livelihoods




The PSPPD Phase II is supporting a number of research initiatives aimed at understanding the complexities of employment, unemployment and livelihoods and the reports from these projects will be available in the Repository as they are published. 


Exploration of Impact Bonds for Results Focused SME / SE Development Impact Bonds or Pay for Success Instruments are innovative financial instruments that can improve economic and social outcomes while saving money  (University of Cape Town)

Impact Bonds / Pay for Success instruments use upfront risk capital from private investors to pilot social interventions eg developing Small, Medium and Micro-Sized Enterprises (SMMEs), stimulating innovation around inclusive business models, creating jobs, raising incomes and alleviating poverty.  Outcome funders (eg government) commit to repaying the risk capital plus returns to the investor only if the intervention successfully meets pre-determined outcomes.         

Government and small-scale agriculture: understanding the successes and failures in respect of learning, planning and implementation (University of Fort Hare, Agricultural and Rural Development Research Institute (ARDRI))

The proposed action will carefully describe and analyse current practices among small-scale farmers, among association/groups that serve and represent small-scale farmers, and within government, and reveal why they inhibit learning and problem solving, among other things.  .           

"Exploring the potential of local food systems for sustainable rural development – A case study of the Vaalharts area (North West University, Africa Unit for Transdisciplinary Health Research)

The overall objective is to provide empirical evidence on the potential of local food systems (LFS) to contribute to sustainable development among rural resource-poor communities by investigating six sustainability components (economic, environmental, socio-cultural, quality, governance, and health and nutrition) with emphasis on short food supply chains from producers to consumers. 

‘Ground truth-ing’ rural livelihoods: reformulating rural development paradigms and policy through qualitative-quantitative integrated research  (University of the Western Cape)

The overall objective is to generate policy relevant knowledge by explicating SA’s dominant rural development paradigms and critically evaluate them in relation to livelihood research.  Dialogue the findings with stakeholders, and disseminating to reformulate policy for inclusive growth.

 Harnessing livelihood strategies for Pro-poor policy interventions in Eastern Cape South Africa   (University of Fort Hare, Department of Economics)

The overall objective is to map and analyse the livelihoods patterns vis-à-vis the existing constraints in low income areas in the Eastern Cape Province with the objective of identifying policy intervention points that enhance the alleviation and elimination of poverty within these areas.  The specific objectives are:

Job Counselling, Productivity signals and Employment (Stellenbosch University)

The project’s overall objective is to assist the South African government in achieving its goal of reducing youth unemployment via the rigorous evaluation of alternative public employment service programmes. 



Theme 2: Employment, unemployment and livelihoods